Vets and Pets Ltd
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We can provide the full range of vaccinations available to help keep your pet healthy. We can tailor a vaccination program that your pet needs to stay safe from common diseases.
Many of the diseases we vaccinate against are still quite prevalent in the community at large, we still see a large number of cat flu cases every year, and Parvovirus is commonly seen during the summer. For this reason, the concept of "herd immunity", where you rely on the fact that if most of the population is vaccinated then the risk of you contracting that disease is very low is not valid for pets in NZ. It is, for this reason, we recommend vaccinating your pet with the core vaccines at the manufacturers recommended intervals.
Felocell 4 is a four in one vaccination aiding in the protection from feline panleukopenia and three respiratory diseases (Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Chlamydia).
Feline panleukopenia (a.k.a. feline enteritis) causes lethargy, incoordination, fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and dehydration. This disease is usually severe enough to result in death even with veterinary intervention. Feline enteritis is contracted through direct contact with infected animals and indirectly with contaminated objects. Fortunately, with the introduction of vaccination, the incidence of feline enteritis has plummeted.
Feline respiratory disease (a.k.a. snuffles) is very common due to the highly contagious nature of the pathogens involved (refer above). They are spread by direct contact with an infected cat or contact with airborne droplets of the infectious agents from sneezing/ coughing. Signs of respiratory disease are characterised by sneezing and coughing, discharge from the eyes (conjunctivitis) and nose. As the disease progresses anorexia, lethargy and pneumonia can result. Pneumonia in kittens can be fatal. Cats who survive the Rhinotracheitis virus (a herpes virus) can become carriers. This means they can shed the virus intermittently without serious symptoms e.g. may have weepy eyes which resolve without medical attention. Severe Feline Rhinotracheitis can cause pregnant cats to abort. Feline Calicivirus can cause ulceration of the oral cavity and nose. Chlamydia primarily causes inflammation of the eyes.
Initial Kitten vaccinations start at 6-9 weeks of age and are repeated every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. It is then recommended to have an annual booster every 12 months. Most catteries will require your cat to have been vaccinated in the past 12 months
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Up until recently, there has been no way of protecting your cat against FIV. Although there is no risk to people this disease has many similarities to HIV in humans. In cats, it is generally spread by biting scratching and fighting. Stray cats are at risk of contracting this disease as they tend to fight more. Unfortunately, the disease appears to be on the increase in Auckland, with up to 14% of cats testing positive for FIV. Here at St Lukes Veterinary Centre we diagnose a number of cases every year. At present, there is no treatment or cure for this disease and it will be ultimately fatal. If you are concerned your cat may have this disease we are able to test for this in house with a simple blood test.
A recent review of diagnosed cases of FIV in cats at this practice has shown a significant increase in the number of cases diagnosed. This is in line with findings from other practices in Auckland (and elsewhere in NZ ). For this reason, we now recommend vaccinating cats in the high-risk category. This includes most cats that go outside but in particular those cats that get into fights. The fel-O-Vax vaccine has been shown to be effective at preventing infection by FIV.
The initial course requires 3 vaccinations at 2-4 week intervals, with an annual booster required. This vaccine can be administered at the same time as the annual core vaccines.
Vanguard Plus 5 aids in the prevention of Canine distemper (CD), Infectious canine Hepatitis (Adenovirus type 1, CAV-1), Respiratory disease caused by Adenovirus Type 2 (CAV-2), Canine Parainfluenza (CPI) and Canine Parvoviral enteritis (CPV). Initially, a minimum of two vaccinations are required 3-4 weeks apart. The first booster vaccination is given after one year and then every one to three years depending on your situation. Some kennels require your dog to have been vaccinated within the previous 12 months.
Nobivac Kennel Cough This vaccination assists in the prevention of respiratory disease caused by Canine parainfluenza (CPI) and Bordetella bronchiseptica (both mentioned previously, symptoms as above). Immunity is achieved as early as 72 hours after vaccination. Vaccinations are given annually or before a period of anticipated risk (e.g. before boarding in a kennel). This vaccination can be given more frequently if the chosen boarding facility requires it. The vaccine is administered as drops into the nose.
Leptoguard A vaccine developed to aid in the protection from Leptospira bacteria. The bacteria affects dogs of any age damaging many body systems, the kidneys and liver in particular. Symptoms are fever, anorexia and jaundice. Illness is severe and usually fatal. Dogs that do recover can shed bacteria (in their urine) for months following recovery. Common sources of infection are rats and cows. Humans are also at risk of picking up Leptospirosis. The strain that affects dogs is usually only found in the north half of the north island, so if your dog has moved to Auckland from elsewhere it would pay to check that it has been vaccinated against this disease. We consider leptospirosis vaccination an essential component of our core vaccinations for dogs in Auckland
Initial vaccinations can start at 6-9 weeks of age and are repeated every 3-4 weeks up to 16 weeks of age. It is important to have a final puppy vaccination at 16 weeks or older to ensure they have long term immunity to last them for 12 months. An annual booster vaccination is required to maintain immunity. If the period between vaccinations is more than 15 months, it is recommended to have a repeat booster for leptospirosis after 3 weeks